The back is a major muscle group in your body, and there are effective back muscle exercises that you can add to your workout routine that offer a number of different benefits.
If you have consistent back pain which many of us do. It is possible a muscle imbalance could be the cause. All your muscles are attached to each other, which is why tightness in the neck can cause pain in your shoulders and down through your back.
By doing a few fairly simple exercises, you can stretch and strengthen your spine, neck, and lower back.
Back Muscle Exercises
The shoulders play a key role in almost all back muscle exercises and the deltoid muscles are responsible for all of the movements made by the shoulders.
Grab a pair of mid-weight dumbbells (5-10 lbs). Stand with your feet hip distance apart, knees slightly bent and lean forward until your torso is at about a 45-degree angle.
Focus on keeping your spine straight and your shoulders pulled back. Grip a weight in each hand, palms facing each other, arms hanging down, and elbows bent. When dumbbells are together, your arms should form a circle almost like you are hugging a barrel.
Raise the weights up to shoulder height, keeping the bend in the arms. Lift with your back rather than your arms and make sure the wrists stay lower than the elbows. Repeat for 10-20 reps.
Rows are a great way to strengthen and tone your upper and mid back muscles, and with so many variations of these effective back muscle exercises, you can choose the one that works best for you. Seated rows are often done at gyms using cable machines, but you don't need expensive equipment to get the benefits.
Anchor a resistance band in a doorway at knee height (if you have that type) or wrap it around a pole or sturdy piece of furniture. Sit on the floor with your back straight, knees bent, and arms extended straight out in front of you.
Hold the end of the band in each hand, palms facing each other. The band should be taut when your arms are straight.
Pull your arms back until your hands touch your ribcage, making sure that your elbows are pointing directly behind you (no flaring). Hold for 2 counts then return to starting position. Repeat for 10-20 reps.
Grab a pair of light dumbbells (2-5 lbs). Begin with your feet hip width apart and lean forward at the waist until your spine is parallel to the floor, knees slightly bent.
Grip a weight in each hand, arms hanging straight down, and palms facing forward away from the body. The inside end of the dumbbells should touch each other. Keeping your elbows straight, slowly move your arms out to the side like wings, lifting to shoulder height.
Your torso and outstretched arms should form a “T”. Lower arms to starting position. Repeat for 10-20 reps.
One Arm Dumbbell Row
Dumbbell rows are effective back muscle exercises that will tighten the shoulder blades and strengthen the middle back area.
Place your left knee and hand on a workout bench or table, You can also get into a lunge position with your left knee forward and your left arm/hand resting on your right thigh.
Bend forward until your torso is parallel to the floor, keeping your back straight.
Grip a fairly heavy dumbbell (10-15 lbs) with your right hand, palm facing inward. Pull the weight toward your chest, keeping your arm close to your body and your elbow pointing toward the ceiling.
The higher you can lift that elbow while still maintaining proper form, the more you will work your back muscles. Lower your arm to starting position. Repeat for 10-20 repetitions. Switch sides.
Tips for Back Muscle Exercises
Your back is strong and meant to be used, but it is also very injury prone so it is important to train wisely. Incorrect form can cause serious injury, damage posture, and may actually worsen those issues that you are trying to fix.
The key is to protect your spine, shoulders, and the delicate muscles around the neck. So, for the best results, follow these simple tips:
Engage your core for every exercise. Your core muscles will provide extra support and protection for the lower back. And, as an added bonus, you are also toning your abs and glutes!
Keep your shoulder blades down and back. For some back muscle exercises, it is easy to unknowingly roll your shoulders forward or hunch them up toward your ears. It is VERY important to maintain proper form or you could put stress on the neck and cause serious injury to the rotator cuff and other upper back muscles.
Keep the spine straight. Unless you are performing an exercise that involves curving the back (cat/cow pose, superman) it is important to keep the spine straight. You don't want to arch your back while doing rows, the bridge, or shoulder blade squeezes as this can cause injury. Again, engaging your core muscles will help support your spine so you can maintain proper form.
Warm up your back muscles with some stretching or even a short cardio session that will get your muscles heated up and loose.